per litre at a depth of 100 metres (33 o ft.) to 0.3 2 cc. Derbent, previously romanized as Derbend, is a town within the Republic of Dagestan, Russia, placed at the Caspian Sea, north of the Azerbaijani border. Another interesting fact ascertained by the same expedition is that the amount of oxygen contained in the water decreases rapidly with the depth: off Derbent in the middle section of the sea the amount diminished from 5.6 cc. There are 4 ways to get from Tbilisi to Derbent by train, bus or car. Derbent, the oldest city in Russia, was supposed to mark its 2000th birthday – or was it 5000th – this year, but bureaucratic wrangles and ineptitude have meant a … The father and the son take custom orders and repair tools together. Derbent is well served by public transport, with its own harbor, a railway going south to Baku, and the Baku to Rostov-on-Don road.. To the north of the town is the monument of the Kirk-lar, or forty heroes, … It stands on a narrow strip of land between the Caucasian foothills and the Caspian Sea that forms a natural pass. The geology of the area lies open for all to see and is ripe for exploration. The modren ceety is built near the wastren shores o the Caspian Sea, sooth o the Rubas River, on the slopes of the Tabasaran Muntains (pairt o the Bigger Caucasus range). We were also amused by this scatter in the dates in the official history. Another suggestion is some mountain pass in the Taurus-Zagros Mountains, somewhere near Rhaegae, Iran, in the heart of Hyrcania. of Baku, in 42° 4' N. and 48° 15' E. Pop. This article is about the city in the Republic of Dagestan, Russia. Derbent (dyÄ­rbyĕnt`), city (1989 pop. It is the third biggest city in Dagestan and one of Russia’s oldest cities with a history that dates back to … The modern city is built near the western shores of the Caspian Sea, south of the Rubas River, on the slopes of the Tabasaran Mountains (part of the Bigger Caucasus range). Photo about The Darial Pass was historically important as one of only two crossings of the Caucasus mountain range, the other being the Derbent Pass. The first months of his service aboard the Derbent pass by in a dull monotony for Husein. In reality, these fortifications were built by Persian monarchs. The Alexander romance identified the Gates of Alexander, variously, with the Pass of Dariel, the Pass of Derbent, the Great Wall of Gorgan and even the Great Wall of China. Geography. Derbent Derbent is a city in the southeast Russian republic of Dagestan. According to the banners and local stories, Derbent is somewhere between 2000 and 4000 years old. Derbent (dyÄ­rbyĕnt`), city (1989 pop. In the legend’s original form, Alexander’s Gates are located at the Pass of Dariel. It occupies a narrow strip of land beside the sea, from which it climbs up the steep heights inland to the citadel of Naryn-kaleh, and is on all sides except towards the east … Eight Century BCE Fortifications & Early History. Image of fire, local, caucasus - … The first is a strip of flat land along the Caspian coast from Baku to Dagestan through the Derbent pass, believed to be the site where Alexander the Great constructed a wall, the Gates of Alexander, to prevent the approach of “barbarians” from the north. One of the most mysterious places, perhaps, in all of Central Asia – the famous mountain pass - Iron gate, located in the Baysun district on the territory of the village of Derbent. (3) the pass of Derbend (Derbent) between the eastern end of a spur of the Caucasus and the Caspian Sea. Speaking in the action, Derbent Neighborhood Headman Erdal Baş said, "If this train does not stop here, the high-speed train will not pass here." Narrow Pass. It was previously known as Derbend and today, it is known as Derbent which comes from the Persian word Darband meaning “barred gate”. Its high-speed, low-altitude flight enabled it to pass … Jews living there are mentioned in the 12 th century by *Benjamin of Tudela, and in the 13 th by the Christian traveler Wilhelm of Rubruquis. Orchards and vineyards are cultivated. Geografie. 78,000), SE European Russia, in Dagestan, on the Caspian Sea. It is the southernmost town in Russia. When Russia’s reformist leader Peter the Great conquered Derbent in his Persian campaign […] 78,000), SE European Russia, in Dagestan, on the Caspian Sea.It stands on a narrow strip of land that forms a natural pass (the Caspian, or Iron, Gates) between the Caucasian foothills and the sea. It stands on a narrow strip of land that forms a natural pass (the Caspian, or Iron, Gates) between the Caucasian foothills and the sea. It is the location of the mythical " Gates of Alexander, " and easily one of the most impressive historical sites in Russia. Derbent, the oldest and southernmost city on Russia’s territory, is officially marking its 2,000th anniversary — an opportunity for the residents of Dagestan to celebrate the rich cultural and historical heritage of a Republic often associated with social problems and armed extremism. Age of Darband: c. 5,000 Years Old. Jewish-owned caravans used to pass through the city in this period. The wall has been frequently identified with the Caspian Gates of Derbent, Russia (see below) and with the Pass of Dariel or Darial. The territory of Derbent locks a narrow coastline referred to as the Derbent Passage or the Caspian Gate. DERBENT, or Derbend, a town of Russia, Caucasia, in the province of Daghestan, on the western shore of the Caspian, 153 m. by rail N.W. As a result, Darial Gorge has been fortified since at least 150 BC. of Baku, in 42° 4′ N. and 48° 15′ E. Pop. (2) the pass of Dariel (Darial, Daryal) through the central Caucasus. Bāb al-Abwāb), ancient city in Dāḡestān on the western shore of the Caspian Sea, located at 42° 3’ N and 48° 18’ E at the entrance to the narrow pass (3-3.5 km wide) between the Caucasus foothills and the sea ().. Name.The ancient city must have been one of the four coastal cities of Caucasian Albania mentioned by Ptolemy in his Geography (cf. (1873) 1 5,739; (1897) 14,821. Located on the Rostov-on-Don - Baku highway. The Lun-class ekranoplan is a unique naval craft built during the Cold War that was designed to skim just above the water. DERBENT, Dagestan — Rabbi Ovadya Isakov, the leader of Derbent's small community of Mountain Jews, was shot in the chest as he left his home on July 25. Average fare for journeys from Baku to Derbent is 1 819 roubles. There was no one for Husein to make friends with. It is an accepted fact that the Alexander of history was associated only … Derbent Hotel from Mapcarta, the free map. The wall, also known as the Caspian Gates, has been identified with two locations: the Pass of Derbent, Russia or with the Pass of Dariel, west of the Caspian Sea. Select an option below to see step-by-step directions and to compare ticket prices and travel times in Rome2rio's travel planner. Narin Gala/Naryn Kala's Pahlavi Inscription. Derbent is a city found in Dagestan, Russia situated between the Caucasus Mountains and the Caspian Sea in the far end of Eurasia. Tradition also connects it to the Great Wall of Gorgan (Red Snake) on its south-eastern shore. After the fall of the Khazar kingdom on the Volga in 969, a number of survivors took refuge in Derbent. Step-by-step instructions (RU) 3rd class fare starts from 1 819 roubles , you can also book 2nd class ticket from Baku to Derbent from 2 165 roubles . Darband's Sasanid Fortress Narin Gala/Naryn Kala. DERBENT, or Derbend, a town of Russia, Caucasia, in the province of Daghestan, on the western shore of the Caspian, 153 m. by rail N.W. In the Middle ages, the pass occupied an important strategic place, as it was … Historically, Derbent's strategic position allowed it to control Eurasian traffic, and the city boasts massive fortifications dating to the 6th century CE. It didn’t always belong to Russia though, the city actually changed its’ ownership a lot of times. The Dariel Pass Gateway of the hebrew and other tribes through the caucasus mountain range into southeastern europe in early times A well-written first-hand account of a journey through the Caucasus Mountain range, disproving the contention that it is impassable and that the Israelites could not have made such a journey during or after the Assyrian exile. The historical Derbent Train Station of Haydarpaşa-Bağdat Railway Line, which has been in operation for 150 … Derbent (Russian; Дербент dyeer BEHNT) is a 5,000 year old city in Dagestan and a UNESCO World Heritage site. Zoroastrianism in Derbent & Dagestan. DARBAND (دربند, Ar. For the district in Konya Province, Turkey, see Derbent, Konya. Derbent Hotel is a hotel in Turkey. You can walk around the territory of the citadel yourself, or hire a guide, like we did. Seaport. In Derbent we met with Arkady and Arseniy Kagramyan - Armenian masters of flute-pipes and douls production. Pass through the Iron Gates and one approaches a triangle of secluded mountain villages offering access to the isolated mountains and river gorges beyond. The Darial Pass was historically important as one of only two crossings of the Caucasus mountain range, the other being the Derbent Pass. Railway station in the Makhachkala - Baku line. Derbent is well served bi public transport, wi its awn harbour, a railway goin sooth tae Baku, an the Baku tae Rostov-on-Don road.. Tae the north o the ceety is the monument o the Kirk-lar, or fowerty …