“‘Retinoids' is essentially a basic umbrella term for both over-the-counter retinols and prescription retinoids.”. Namely retinol, tretinoin, glycolic acid and kojic acid. Retinoids also speed up cell turnover rates and can help unblock pores. And if you haven’t heard by now, decades of clinical research has shown that retinol does quite a few amazing things for your skin. Retinols are much weaker than prescription retinoids. You can find her on Instagram @marissasimonian. “If your skin isn’t irritated after two weeks, increase to every other night for another two weeks. Tretinoin is the generic drug name and Retin-A is the brand name. Granactive Retinoid & Retinol are a lot like siblings. Retinoid is actually an … Retinol vs Retinoid vs Retin-A vs Tretinoin. How to Use the Best Anti-Agers, I Tried Differin Gel and My Neck and Chest Are Now Acne-Free, I Was Against Retinol Until I Started Using This Product, Why Am I Getting Blackheads on My Cheeks? RETINOL VS. RETINOID. They can also help recommend a safe routine (we love these moisturizers and this cleanser.). By Dr. Krishna August 9, 2019 November 26th, 2020 3 Comments. And this causes the dead skin cells on the outer layer of your skin to shed off more rapidly. Her work has also appeared in Business Insider, Parents magazine, CreakyJoints, and the Baltimore Sun. Let’s get started… Retinol. Retinoids, whether it’s over the counter retinol or prescription tretinoin, regulates epidermal skin turnover. Retinoids are a group of vitamin A derivatives that have become “the gold star” in anti-aging skin care, says board-certified dermatologist Edidiong Kaminska, MD, co-founder of Kaminsky Medical and Surgical Consulting Incorporated. Only retinoic acid directly affects skin cells and helps reduce signs of aging. To learn a bit more about what sets these terms apart, we connected with Melissa Levin, MD, of Downtown Dermatology in Manhattan. One of the primary differences between retinal vs. retinol, is the amount of time it takes for each to make an impact. In addition, retinoids include Retin-A Micro (tretinoin), Renova (tretinoin), and Tazorac (tazarotene). First, tretinoin is also called Retin-A. But it’s a bit more complex than that: For starters, we often interchangeably hear the words “retinol” and “retinoids” to describe this skin savior, but it’s important to know that both terms aren’t one in the same. Applying retinol and AHA/BHA in one evening is a recipe for irritated, dry skin. Myth: Retinoids thin the skin. The other three products in The Ordinary's retinoid range contain retinol. If ever there were a hero ingredient in our skincare routines, it would be retinol. There are many products that address acne, acne scars, and oil control. (We just don't have as much research behind it yet.) This makes them more palatable to the skin, but it also means that some products may have trace amounts of retinol in the bottle. “Most skin types can tolerate a retinol or retinoid,” says Levin, “but you have to make sure to choose the right retinol/retinoid product and that you are using a nonirritating gentle skincare regimen with a moisturizer and a gentle cleanser in addition to your retinoid/retinol.” Working with a dermatologist will determine whether you’re a candidate for retinol or if your skin requires the strength of a retinoid. They should be applied to clean, dry skin after toner (if you use toner, that is). Over-the-counter retinols are in ester forms such as retinyl palmitate, retinyl linoleate, retinaldehyde, propionic acid, or retinyl acetate. “There has to be testing to make sure it actually works.” Of course, that’s not to say that your favorite drugstore brands won’t follow through on their promises—you’ll find a retinoid cream among these OTC products dermatologists say really work. As a slightly milder alternative, opt for a product with AHA instead, making sure it contains at least 10 percent alpha hydroxy or glycolic acid. “Retinoic acid is the compound that your skin can use; retinol, on the other hand, needs to be converted by the skin to retinoic acid in order to work. Retinoids are a group of vitamin A derivatives, including retinol, retinyl palmitate, and retinoic acid. Essentially, retinol is just a specific type of retinoid. Check out these other anti-aging secrets most dermatologists won’t tell you for free. As we age, our skin begins to lose its elasticity, which leads to fine lines, wrinkles, uneven skin tone, and discoloration. The namesake of this site, retinol is a popular skincare ingredient that’s a derivative of vitamin A. We are no longer supporting IE (Internet Explorer), 14 anti-aging treatments dermatologists actually use themselves, anti-aging secrets most dermatologists won’t tell you for free, OTC products dermatologists say really work, My Feet Were Always Cold—Until I Ordered These Australian Boots, 50 Everyday Habits That Can Make You Look Younger, Do Not Sell My Personal Information – CA Residents. Framboos Glycolic Night Serum ($90) night, skip any products with vitamin A derivatives (retinol… That’s because retinol doesn’t have as much of the active ingredient as a retinoid. Retinoids are a class of ingredients chemically related to vitamin A. Overall Benefits. So, retinol is a type of retinoid. When retinol is absorbed into the skin, it has to go through two processes in order to convert into active retinoic acid: retinol to retinal, then retinal to retinoic acid. Levin adds, “Retinoids and retinols can initially cause a process called ‘retinization,’ which leads to redness, dryness, and flaking, especially when you first start. 10 Anti-Aging Skincare Tips That Work, According to Byrdie Readers Over 30. For both retinol and prescription retinoids, Levin recommends that you only use them in your nighttime routine, as sunlight deactivates retinoic acid. “Retinols, which are readily available over the counter, contain a lower concentration of the active retinoic acid ingredient,” says Levin. When it comes to skincare, the popular terms “retinoid” and “retinol” are often used interchangeably, but they are not one and the same.Retinoid is the generic term for all topical products that contain derivatives of vitamin A. Retinol is simply one example of a retinoid. “The major difference between retinol and retinoids,” Levin continues, “is that retinol works more gradually compared to retinoids due to their difference in molecular structure and how they are processed in the skin. If you notice any irritation, drop it down to once a week or dilute the anti-aging lotion with equal parts of a gentle oil-free moisturizer. We recommend our users to update the browser. Any type of retinoid you use can irritate your skin and cause side effects like redness and peeling, and the stronger the product, the more likely you are to see those effects. Get to clear skin with the Clear90 app. “Prescription retinoids have a much higher concentration of the active ingredient, so they are readily available for the skin to use.” In other words, retinol is what you’re used to using in your regular serums and creams, whereas retinoids can only be prescribed by a doctor (except for Differin, $13, the first OTC retinoid). “If you have more sensitive or dry skin, I recommend starting with an over-the-counter retinol or Differin gel, which is more tolerable than other prescription retinoids. How to Treat Your Sunspots and Prevent New Ones From Popping Up, These Best-Selling Retinol Serums Are All Under $20, This Is How Long It Takes for Retinol to Actually "Work", What to Do Now to Have Better Skin Tomorrow, Next Year, and 10 Years From Now, What Is Retinol? So, let’s clear things up. Retinoids don’t take as much time to reach that final product, so they’re more intense than retinol. This is commonly believed because one of the side effects when first … They sound similar and both have wrinkle-fighting power, but they aren’t the exact same thing. Her work also appears in BuzzFeed, StyleCaster, and Yahoo. It is most often found in over-the-counter skin care products. Benzoyl Peroxide vs Salicylic Acid vs Retinoids for Acne. There are many other brand names for tretinoin, and I won’t get into that. By using Byrdie, you accept our. Retinol is converted into retinoic acid only after it's stored its applied and gradually absorbed by your skin. To add more confusion, you’ve been hearing about Tretinoin and Retin-A. Even if you use a retinol serum in your routine already, when faced with the topic of retinol vs. retinoids, you may be left asking, “what is a retinoid” and questioning what sets a retinoid apart from retinol. Both retinol and retinoids can improve your skin. Retinoids are a class of topical medications used for a variety of reasons including: anti-aging, acne, discoloration and more. If you have more oily skin or have tried retinoids in the past, then prescription strength retinoids such as tretinoin, atralin, retin-A, retin-A micro, tazarotene, fabior, or tazorac can be tolerated but still need to be slowly up-titrated.”. Revolution Granactive Retinoid. Retinoids vs Salicylic Acid. Thanks to the fact that these chemicals boost cell turnover, they can smooth fine lines, even out skin tone and age spots, and improve skin elasticity for a more youthful glow. Follow your dermatologist’s instructions, as with any prescription. Rachel is a board-certified dermatologist and Assistant Clinical Professor at Mount Sinai Hospital Department of Dermatology. Retinol (the “older” sibling) has been around longer than most of us (since the 1930’s), and as such, has been studied very extensively. During the natural aging process the skin begins to lose its elasticity, resulting in the development of fine lines, wrinkles, and rough feeling skin. Retinoids vs. Retinol. Retinol and retinoic acid are related but distinctly different. If you are pregnant or breastfeeding, you should avoid using retinols and retinoids altogether. A small percentage of patients are super sensitive and sometimes have a very difficult time tolerating a retinoid.